These non-communicable diseases can lead to blindness
Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are those diseases that are not passed on from person to person. They have been on the rise in recent years.
NCDs are mostly caused due to factors that are genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioral.
What is not so well known is that can cause blindness or vision impairment as well. This is due to conditions like cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy and age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
As per data from World Health Organisation (WHO), 80% of all blindness and vision impairment conditions are preventable or treatable.
This is not true for blindness due to retinopathy, glaucoma and macular degeneration. These conditions affect the internal eye and are not curable. However, they can be managed, if detected early.
Chronic conditions like cataract affect the lens of the eye. These can be corrected by surgery.
Another medical condition that puts the health of the eyes at risk is diabetes.. Adults with diabetes are more likely to develop cataracts. They are also likely to get it at an earlier age.
Diabetes also doubles the risk of glaucoma. Patients with this condition can lose vision in the outermost part, with no other signs appearing.
Poor lifestyle choices such as smoking and an unhealthy diet are also factors that are linked to blindness.