World Down Syndrome Day 2018
21 March is observed as the World Down Syndrome Day.
The day is used to create awareness about Down syndrome and has been officially observed by the United Nations since 2012.
The day was selected in particular as it is the 21st day of the 3rd month and in a way signifies the 21st chromosome which causes Down syndrome.
Down syndrome, also known as trisomy 21, is a genetic disorder and is caused by the presence of an extra chromosome known as number 21.
The parents of the child with Down syndrome can be normal, as the extra chromosome occurs by chance.
The disorder causes delay in physical growth and mental development of a person. It also has certain characteristic facial features.
People with the disorder are also found to have a weak immune system.
There is no cure for Down syndrome available at present and it is a lifelong condition.
Down syndrome can be identified during pregnancy by prenatal screening or after birth by direct observation and genetic testing.
As per data, one in 1000 babies born each year are affected by Down syndrome.
People with Down syndrome need special care and guidance throughout life.
Through therapy, specialized education and support, they can be helped to lead a better life.