Epilepsy: The most common neurological disease

Epilepsy is a disorder that occurs when the activity of the nerve cells in the brain is disturbed. This results in seizures, also called fits.

Epilepsy is caused if it is in the family history. It can also be cause due to a brain injury, such as a trauma or stroke.

As per experts when there is excessive electrical discharges in a group of brain cells, seizures occur.

The seizures may have various symptoms such as loss of awareness or consciousness and sensation, lack in coordination, or other cognitive functions.

The occurrence of such episodes can led to other more physical problems such as fractures and bruising from injuries.

Data shows that the chances of an early death are up to three times higher in people with epilepsy.

70 million people are affected by epilepsy across the world. It is regarded as the most common neurological disease.

Some data also points out the fact that, females have lesser instances of epilepsy and sudden seizures than males.

However, epilepsy can have a huge impact on the physical and mental health of females as it affects sexual development, menstrual cycle, fertility, and reproduction.

Although there is no cure for the condition at present, the symptoms can be controlled and managed with the help of early diagnoses and treatment.

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