Most Indians are unwilling to adopt kids with special needs
For every Indian parent who adopts a disabled child, there are at least seven foreigners who adopt such children from India.
This is the latest data shared by Child Adoption Resource Authority (CARA), which is the nodal body for adoption in India.
Adoptions of special needs kids by Indian parents is falling every year. At the same time, foreigners adopting children with a physical disability or illness rose by 50% in 2017.
In 2017-2018, 355 disabled children were adopted by foreigners, which was much higher than the 237 adoptions by foreigners in 2016-2017.
Adoptions by Indian families in India was just 46 in 2017-2018. In 2015-2016, it was 76, and in 2016-2017, it was 49.
As per Indian law, efforts have to be made to place a child within India first. Only when a child does not get accepted by Indian applicants, is he or she referred to foreigners.
Activists say this shows the huge gap in cultural attitudes towards disabilities. There is much social stigma attached with disabilities in India.
While there are factors like better social security abroad that help families with special needs kids, there is a need to look at attitudes in India.