Signs that you need to attend to the health of your eyes

Eyes are one of the most vital body parts. However, there is not enough awareness about diseases related to the eyes and this delays treatment.

Diseases affecting the cornea, which is the front of the eye, are easy to diagnose. However, this is not true for the diseases that affect the retina, which is at the back of the eye.

Retinal diseases

The retina is a light-sensitive layer at the back of the eye. Here, the image is created so when the retina is damaged, the vision gets affected.

Retinal diseases like Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) and Diabetic macular edema (DME) lead to acute poor vision.

Diabetic macular edema (DME) is the most common cause of moderate vision loss in patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR). This damages the blood vessels in the retina, causing leakage of fluid leading to a swelling in a part of the retina.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) makes up for 8.7% of blindness in the world. It is one of the most common causes of severe vision loss in elderly people. In this condition, the macula of the retina is affected, creating dark spots in the central vision.

Signs & symptoms

  • Blurred vision - Most people tend to take this lightly and attribute it to stress, old-age, or cataract. However, it is important to visit an ophthalmologist when objects start getting blurry.
  • Colour sensitivity - Decreased contrast or colour sensitivity is a warning sign of retinal diseases and one should immediately seek medical advice.
  • Dark spots in centre vision - This is a sign of AMD or DME. The dark spots grow, creating dark patches in the vision leading to vision loss.
  • Straight lines appear wavy - Another sign of AMD or DME.
  • Difficulty in seeing from a distance - This is another sign of a retinal disease.

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