What is Albinism?
Albinism is a birth disorder that causes lack of pigment in the skin, hair and eyes. People with the skin disorder are known as Albinos and they have very light colored skin and eyes.
Human skin gets its color from pigments and absence of these make the skin appear pale and very white.
Skin pigments act as a protective layer and save us from the harmful rays of the sun and environment conditions.
People with Albinism are susceptible to several health problems as they lack the pigments in their bodies.
• Eyes are affected by vision defects, such as photophobia, nystagmus, and amblyopia.
• The skin becomes susceptible to sunburns and skin cancers.
• The immune system is also affected in most cases making them easily affected by infections.
Types of Albinism
There are two types of the disorder.
• Oculocutaneous Albinism that affects the eyes, skin and hair.
• Ocular Albinism that affects the eyes only.
There is no cure for Albinism and it is a lifelong condition.