Babies born premature by a month more likely to develop ADHD later, says study
An important new study says that babies born even one month premature are more likely to develop attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) later on in life.
Babies born at less than 34 weeks are more at risk of ADHD symptoms. These are hyperactivity or short attention spans. Hyperactivity is more common in premature babies, while short attention spans affects them later in life. This is especially true for girls.
Earlier studies have shown that premature babies have underdeveloped organs. This leads to inflammation and hormonal changes that cause ADHD.
The study was done by a team from Oslo in Norway. It includes results from more than one lakh children. This is said to be the first study ever to look into the links between preterm birth and signs of ADHD by using a design that compares siblings.
Early birth has also been linked to larger behavioral and personality issues, that are said to be caused by abnormalities in brain development.
ADHD, anxiety, neurological disorders and autism are all more common in premature babies.